W.K. Kellogg Foundation Racial Equity Resource Guide

Resources focused on racial equity include journal entries, books, magazines, videos and more. Resources based on areas of focus, related issues and/or types.

Tagged under Equity/Diversity/InclusionWorkforce DevelopmentGuides and Reports, Organizations, PhilanthropyPublic PolicyAfrican AmericansLatinos

Hiring as Cultural Matching: The Case of Elite Professional Service Firms

This article presents culture as a vehicle of labor market sorting. Providing a case study of hiring in elite professional service firms, the author investigates the often suggested but heretofore empirically unexamined hypothesis that cultural similarities between employers and job candidates matter for employers’ hiring decisions. Drawing from 120 interviews with employers as well as participant observation of a hiring committee, the author argues that hiring is more than just a process of skills sorting; it is also a process of cultural matching between candidates, evaluators, and firms.

Recruiting and Retaining a More Diverse Workforce

Recruitment is a two-way street, but it is easy to lose sight of the fact that applicants make fit assessments about employers in the same way that employers make fit assessments about applicants. Therefore, organizations need to manage their impressions in order to be perceived as welcoming employers of nontraditional applicants. Research has shown that organizations that value diversity are likely to be perceived as particularly attractive to nontraditional applicants. This paper looks at several ways organizations can accomplish this.

Racial Discrimination in the Labor Market: Theories and Empirics

This paper reviews theories of race discrimination in the labor market. Taste-based models can generate wage
and unemployment duration differentials when combined with either random or directed search even
when strong prejudice is not widespread, but no existing model explains the unemployment rate differential.
Models of statistical discrimination based on differential observability of productivity across races
can explain the pattern and magnitudes of wage differentials but do not address employment and unemployment.
At their current state of development, models of statistical discrimination based on rational stereotypes
have little empirical content.

Experimental Research on Labor Market Discrimination

This paper surveys the full range of experimental literature on labor market discrimination, places it in the context of the broader research literature on labor market discrimination, discusses the experimental literature from many different perspectives (empirical, theoretical, policy, and legal), and reviews what this literature has taught us thus far, and what remains to be done.