Recruitment is a two-way street, but it is easy to lose sight of the fact that applicants make fit assessments about employers in the same way that employers make fit assessments about applicants. Therefore, organizations need to manage their impressions in order to be perceived as welcoming employers of nontraditional applicants. Research has shown that organizations that value diversity are likely to be perceived as particularly attractive to nontraditional applicants. This paper looks at several ways organizations can accomplish this.
This paper reviews theories of race discrimination in the labor market. Taste-based models can generate wage
and unemployment duration differentials when combined with either random or directed search even
when strong prejudice is not widespread, but no existing model explains the unemployment rate differential.
Models of statistical discrimination based on differential observability of productivity across races
can explain the pattern and magnitudes of wage differentials but do not address employment and unemployment.
At their current state of development, models of statistical discrimination based on rational stereotypes
have little empirical content.
CPWR and LOHP produced this report to better inform the labor movement and the entire construction industry on the training and inclusion of Hispanic workers in one of our most hazardous industries. With this report and its resources, we hope to share what these innovative union leaders have learned and make U.S. worksites safer for all. This report is a summation of the narratives, the roundtable discussions and conclusions, and the “next steps” for furthering their work.
This paper surveys the full range of experimental literature on labor market discrimination, places it in the context of the broader research literature on labor market discrimination, discusses the experimental literature from many different perspectives (empirical, theoretical, policy, and legal), and reviews what this literature has taught us thus far, and what remains to be done.
This issue brief details these high unemployment rates and explores the reasons for them, including particular weaknesses in sectors that offer disproportionate employment opportunities for African Americans, long unemployment spells, and the recurring “first fired, last hired” phenomenon among African Americans that plagues our nation’s workforce practices.